Record Information
Creation date2018-05-02 12:45:58 UTC
Update date2018-05-04 14:15:36 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC001211
FoodDB RecordFDB022530
Chemical Information
DescriptionN1-Acetylspermidine is a polyamine. In many organisms, polyamines originate from L-ornithine and methionine. Ornithine decarboxylase (EC, a key enzyme in polyamine metabolism, decarboxylates L-ornithine to yield putrescine which is then converted to higher polyamines spermidine and spermine by successive addition of aminopropyl groups derived from decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine. Aliphatic polyamines occur ubiquitously in organisms and have important functions in the stabilization of cell membranes, biosynthesis of informing molecules, cell growth and differentiation, as well as adaptation to osmotic, ionic, pH and thermal stress. These cationic substances are implicated in multiple functions, therefore it is not surprising that intracellular levels of polyamines are regulated by different mechanisms. The inhibition of polyamine metabolism has important pharmacological and therapeutic implications for the control of physiological processes, reproduction, cancer and parasitic diseases. Recent reports have suggested the idea that parasites with an high turnover of Ornithine Decarboxilase (ODC) are resistant to Difluoromethyl ornithine (DFMO, the irreversible inhibitor of ornithine decarboxylase) because they always contain a fraction of newly synthesized and active enzyme, therefore not DFMO inhibited, sufficient to produce small amounts of putrescine rapidly converted into spermidine, which can support protozoan proliferation. DFMO has proved to be curative in trypanosomiasis, coccidiosis, and certain other protozoan infections. (PMID: 15490259) [HMDB]. N1-Acetylspermidine is found in many foods, some of which are anise, kohlrabi, lime, and borage.
CAS Number14278-49-0
an N-acetylspermidinehmdb
Chemical FormulaC9H21N3O
IUPAC nameN-{3-[(4-aminobutyl)amino]propyl}acetamide
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C9H21N3O/c1-9(13)12-8-4-7-11-6-3-2-5-10/h11H,2-8,10H2,1H3,(H,12,13)
Average Molecular Weight187.2825
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight187.168462309
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as carboximidic acids. These are organic acids with the general formula RC(=N)-OH (R=H, organic group).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboximidic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassCarboximidic acids
Direct ParentCarboximidic acids
Alternative Parents
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Secondary amine
  • Secondary aliphatic amine
  • Carboximidic acid
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Amine
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity Available1 to 2 mg
Delivery Time2 weeks
Storage Formpowder
Storage Conditions-18°C
StabilityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Augustin ScalbertInternational Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Biomarkers Group, 150 cours Albert Thomas, Lyon, FR,
Commercial Vendors
Not Available