Record Information
Creation date2018-05-02 11:49:55 UTC
Update date2018-05-04 14:26:32 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC001161
FoodDB RecordFDB023830
Chemical Information
Name3-Hydroxyhippuric acid
Description3-Hydroxyhippuric acid is an acyl glycine. Acyl glycines are normally minor metabolites of fatty acids. However, the excretion of certain acyl glycines is increased in several inborn errors of metabolism. In certain cases the measurement of these metabolites in body fluids can be used to diagnose disorders associated with mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation. Acyl glycines are produced through the action of glycine N-acyltransferase (EC which is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction: acyl-CoA + glycine < -- > CoA + N-acylglycine 3-Hydroxyhippuric acid is an organic acid found in normal human urine. 3-Hydroxyhippuric acid is a metabolite of rutin detected in urine after consumption of tomato juice (a source of rutin). 3-Hydroxyhippuric acid has its origin in dietary procyanidins (a major source of polyphenols consisting of elementary flavan-3-ol (epi)catechin units). 3-Hydroxyhippuric acid is a microbial aromatic acid metabolite derived from dietary polyphenols, found in normal human urine. (PMID: 12592675, 2338430, 17015248, 14556848, 12742116) [HMDB]
CAS Number1637-75-8
2-[(3-Hydroxyphenyl)formamido]acetic acidChEBI
3-Hydroxyhippic acidGenerator
3-Hydroxyhippuric acidhmdb
m-Hydroxyhippuric acidhmdb
Chemical FormulaC9H9NO4
IUPAC name2-[(3-hydroxyphenyl)formamido]acetic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C9H9NO4/c11-7-3-1-2-6(4-7)9(14)10-5-8(12)13/h1-4,11H,5H2,(H,10,14)(H,12,13)
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)CNC(=O)C1=CC=CC(O)=C1
Average Molecular Weight195.1721
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight195.053157781
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hippuric acids. Hippuric acids are compounds containing hippuric acid, which consists of a of a benzoyl group linked to the N-terminal of a glycine.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzoic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentHippuric acids
Alternative Parents
  • Hippuric acid
  • N-acyl-alpha amino acid or derivatives
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Alpha-amino acid or derivatives
  • Benzoyl
  • 1-hydroxy-4-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity Available1 to 2 mg
Delivery Time2 weeks
Storage Formpowder
Storage Conditions-18°C
StabilityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Augustin ScalbertInternational Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Biomarkers Group, 150 cours Albert Thomas, Lyon, FR,
Commercial Vendors
MetaSci HMDB0006116
Toronto Research Chemicals H943125
Toronto Research Chemicals HMDB0006116