Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:33:26 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:41 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000923
FoodDB RecordFDB028319
Chemical Information
Description7-Methyladenine is part of the base excision repair pathway. In this pathway, alkylated DNA is hydrolysed via the enzyme DNA-3-methyladenine glycosylase II (EC, releasing 3-methyladenine, 3-methylguanine, 7-methylguanine and 7-methyladenine. This enzyme is responsible for the hydrolysis of the deoxyribose N-glycosidic bond to excise 3-methyladenine, and 7-methylguanine from the damaged DNA polymer formed by alkylation lesions. (Pathway Commons) Base excision repair (BER) is a cellular mechanism that repairs damaged DNA throughout the cell cycle. Repairing DNA sequence errors is necessary so that mutations are not propagated or to remove lesions that may lead to breaks in the DNA during replication. Single bases in DNA can be chemically mutated, for example by deamination or alkylation, resulting in incorrect base-pairing, and consequently, mutations in the DNA. Base excision repair involves flipping the mutated base out of the DNA helix and repairing the base alone. There are two main enzymes used, DNA glycosylases and AP endonucleases. The DNA glycosylase is used to break the beta-N glycosidic bond to create an AP site. AP endonuclease recognizes this site and nicks the damaged DNA on the 5' side (upstream) of the AP site creating a free 3'-OH. DNA polymerase, Pol I (human pol beta), extends the DNA from the free 3'-OH using its exonuclease activity to replace the nucleotide of the damaged base, as well as a few downstream, followed by sealing of the new DNA strand by DNA ligase. In mammalian cells, this is done by LigIII in complex with the scaffold protein XRCC1. Usually, BER is divided into short-patch repair (where a single nucleotide is replaced) or long-patch repair (where 2-10 nucleotides are replaced). Mammalian long-patch repair includes PCNA and pol delta/epsilon for nucleotide resynthesis, FEN1 to cut of the 'flap' including the damaged base, and LigI. [HMDB]
CAS Number935-69-3
7-methyl-7H-purin-6-amine (ACD/Name 4.0)hmdb
7-methyl-7H-purin-6-ylamine (ACD/Name 4.0)hmdb
Chemical FormulaC6H7N5
IUPAC name7-methyl-7H-purin-6-amine
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C6H7N5/c1-11-3-10-6-4(11)5(7)8-2-9-6/h2-3H,1H3,(H2,7,8,9)
Isomeric SMILESCN1C=NC2=NC=NC(N)=C12
Average Molecular Weight149.1533
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight149.070145249
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 6-aminopurines. These are purines that carry an amino group at position 6. Purine is a bicyclic aromatic compound made up of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
Sub ClassPurines and purine derivatives
Direct Parent6-aminopurines
Alternative Parents
  • 6-aminopurine
  • Aminopyrimidine
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Pyrimidine
  • Imidolactam
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Azacycle
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Amine
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary amine
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 30 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
AKSci 5887AC
Toronto Research Chemicals M314605