Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:32:58 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:38 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000832
FoodDB RecordFDB022854
Chemical Information
Name1,3,7-Trimethyluric acid
Description1,3,7-Trimethyluric acid, also known as 8-oxy-caffeine or 1,3,7-trimethylate, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as xanthines. These are purine derivatives with a ketone group conjugated at carbons 2 and 6 of the purine moiety. 1,3,7-Trimethyluric acid is an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). 1,3,7-Trimethyluric acid exists in all living organisms, ranging from bacteria to humans. 1,3,7-trimethyluric acid can be biosynthesized from caffeine; which is catalyzed by the enzymes cytochrome P450 1A2, cytochrome P450 3A4, cytochrome P450 2C8, cytochrome P450 2C9, and cytochrome P450 2E1. In humans, 1,3,7-trimethyluric acid is involved in caffeine metabolism. Outside of the human body, 1,3,7-Trimethyluric acid has been detected, but not quantified in, several different foods, such as rubus (blackberry, raspberry), passion fruits, mountain yams, wasabis, and pigeon pea. This could make 1,3,7-trimethyluric acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. An oxopurine in which the purine ring is substituted by oxo groups at positions 2, 6, and 8, and the nitrogens at positions 1, 3, and 7 are substituted by methyl groups.
CAS Number5415-44-1
1,3, 7-Trimethyluric acidhmdb
1,3,7-Trimethylic acidGenerator
Trimethyl uric acidhmdb
Chemical FormulaC8H10N4O3
IUPAC name1,3,7-trimethyl-2,3,6,7,8,9-hexahydro-1H-purine-2,6,8-trione
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C8H10N4O3/c1-10-4-5(9-7(10)14)11(2)8(15)12(3)6(4)13/h1-3H3,(H,9,14)
Isomeric SMILESCN1C(=O)NC2=C1C(=O)N(C)C(=O)N2C
Average Molecular Weight210.19
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight210.075290206
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as xanthines. These are purine derivatives with a ketone group conjugated at carbons 2 and 6 of the purine moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
Sub ClassPurines and purine derivatives
Direct ParentXanthines
Alternative Parents
  • Xanthine
  • 6-oxopurine
  • Purinone
  • Alkaloid or derivatives
  • Pyrimidone
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Pyrimidine
  • Azole
  • Imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Vinylogous amide
  • Lactam
  • Urea
  • Azacycle
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 200 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
Cayman Chemical 16949
Toronto Research Chemicals T797995