Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:32:57 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:37 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000831
FoodDB RecordFDB003418
Chemical Information
DescriptionCyclohexanone is a food flavourant. Present in various plant spp. e.g. Cistus ladaniferus (labdanum). Cyclohexanone is a colorless oily liquid with an odor resembling acetone and peppermint. Cyclohexanone is occasionally found as a volatile component of human urine. Biological fluids such as blood and urine have been shown to contain a large number of components, some of them volatiles (low boiling point) apparently present in all individuals, while others such are much more variable. In some cases differences up to an order of magnitude are observed. Although some of these changes may have dietary origins, others seem to be characteristic of the individual. Cyclohexanone is obtained through oxidation of cyclohexane or dehydrogenation of phenol. Approx. 95% of its manuf. is used for the production of nylon. Information on toxicity to human beings is fragmentary. Acute exposure is characterized by irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat. In two persons, drowsiness and renal impairment were found; Like cyclohexanol, cyclohexanone is not carcinogenic and is only moderately toxic, with a TLV of 25 ppm for the vapor. It is an irritant.; The great majority of cyclohexanone is consumed in the production of precursors to Nylon 66 and Nylon 6. About half of the world's supply is converted to adipic acid, one of two precursors for nylon 66. For this application, the KA oil (see above) is oxidized with nitric acid. The other half of the cyclohexanone supply is converted to the oxime. In the presence of sulfuric acid catalyst, the oxime rearranges to caprolactam, a precursor to nylon 6:; however, there were embryotoxic effects and influence on reproduction Cyclohexanone is well absorbed through the skin, respiratory tract, and alimentary tract. The main metabolic pathway leads to cyclohexanol, which is excreted in urine coupled with glucuronic acid. A high correlation was found between the concentration of cyclohexanone in the working environment and its concentration in urine. Cyclohexanone is formed from the hydrocarbons cyclohexane and 1-, 2-, and 3-hexanol. A patient's case report documents the development of anosmia (an olfactory disorder) and rhinitis caused by occupational exposure to organic solvents, including cyclohexanone (PMID: 10476412, 16925936, 16477465); however, these workers were also exposed to other compounds. Hepatic disorders were found in a group of workers exposed for over five years. In animals, cyclohexanone is characterized by relatively low acute toxicity (DL50 by intragastric administration is approx. 2 g/kg body wt.). Effects on the central nervous system (CNS) were found (narcosis), as well as irritation of the eyes and skin. Following multiple administration, effects were found in the CNS, liver, and kidneys as well as irritation of the conjunctiva. Mutagenic and genotoxic effects were found, but no teratogenic effects were detected
CAS Number108-94-1
Cyclic ketonebiospider
Cyclohexanone [UN1915] [Flammable liquid]biospider
Cyclohexanone homopolymerbiospider
Cyclohexanone, acsbiospider
Cyclohexanone, homopolymerbiospider
Cyclohexyl ketonebiospider
FEMA 3909db_source
Hytrol obiospider
Pimelic ketonebiospider
Pimelin ketonebiospider
Rcra waste number u057HMDB
Chemical FormulaC6H10O
IUPAC namecyclohexanone
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C6H10O/c7-6-4-2-1-3-5-6/h1-5H2
Average Molecular Weight98.143
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight98.073164942
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as cyclic ketones. These are organic compounds containing a ketone that is conjugated to a cyclic moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbonyl compounds
Direct ParentCyclic ketones
Alternative Parents
  • Cyclic ketone
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logP0.81HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental Water Solubility25 mg/mL at 25 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Melting PointMp -45° (-32°)DFC
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 2 g
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
AKSci Y1320
MetaSci HMDB0003315
Sigma-Aldrich HMDB0003315
Toronto Research Chemicals C987980