Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:32:42 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:36 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000798
FoodDB RecordFDB022177
Chemical Information
DescriptionIsovalerylglycine is an acyl glycine. Acyl glycines are normally minor metabolites of fatty acids. However, the excretion of certain acyl glycines is increased in several inborn errors of metabolism. In certain cases the measurement of these metabolites in body fluids can be used to diagnose disorders associated with mitochondrial fatty acid beta-oxidation. Acyl glycines are produced through the action of glycine N-acyltransferase (EC which is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction: acyl-CoA + glycine < -- > CoA + N-acylglycine Isovalerylglycine is a byproduct of the catabolism of the aminoacid leucine. Accumulation of isovalerylglycine occurs in Isovaleric Acidemia (IVA). IVA (OMIM/ McKusick 243500) is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by mutations in the isovaleryl-CoA dehydrogenase (EC gene. The deficiency of this enzyme in the metabolism of leucine leads to the accumulation of a series of isovaleryl-CoA metabolites, such as isovalerylglycine (IVG). It is very important to caution for false positive results when screening for isovaleric acidemia by tandem mass spectrometry based on dried blood-spot levels of C5-acylcarnitines, including isovalerylcarnitine and its isomer, pivaloylcarnitine; pivaloylcarnitine is derived from pivalate-generating antibiotics, and has caused many false-positive results. (PMID: 17850781) [HMDB]. Isovalerylglycine is a biomarker for the consumption of cheese.
CAS Number16284-60-9
[(3-methylbutanoyl)amino]acetic acidhmdb
2-(3-methylbutanoylamino)ethanoic acidhmdb
Chemical FormulaC7H13NO3
IUPAC name2-(3-methylbutanamido)acetic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C7H13NO3/c1-5(2)3-6(9)8-4-7(10)11/h5H,3-4H2,1-2H3,(H,8,9)(H,10,11)
Average Molecular Weight159.183
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight159.089543287
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as n-acyl-alpha amino acids. N-acyl-alpha amino acids are compounds containing an alpha amino acid which bears an acyl group at its terminal nitrogen atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentN-acyl-alpha amino acids
Alternative Parents
  • N-acyl-alpha-amino acid
  • Fatty amide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Fatty acyl
  • Carboxamide group
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 1 g
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
AKSci 8261AA
AKSci J10815
Cayman Chemical 17581
MetaSci HMDB0000678
Tokyo Chemical Industry HMDB0000678
Toronto Research Chemicals I917600