Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:32:39 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:36 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000782
FoodDB RecordFDB023116
Chemical Information
NameGuanidinosuccinic acid
DescriptionGuanidinosuccinic acid (GSA) is one of the earliest uremic toxins isolated and its toxicity identified. Its metabolic origins show that it arose from the oxidation of argininosuccinic acid (ASA) by free radicals. The stimulus for this oxidation, occurring optimally in the presence of the failed kidney, is the rising level of urea which, through enzyme inhibition, results in a decline in hepatic levels of the semi-essential amino acid, arginine. It is further noted that concentrations of GSA in both serum and urine decline sharply in animals and humans exposed to the essential amino acid, methionine. Uremic patients suffer from a defective ability to generate methyl groups due to anorexia, dietary restrictions and renal protein leakage. This leads to the accumulation of homocysteine, a substance known to produce vascular damage. Even in healthy subjects intake of choline together with methionine is insufficient to satisfy total metabolic requirements for methyl groups. In end-stage renal disease, therefore, protein restriction contributes to the build-up of toxins in uremia. Replacement using specific amino acid mixtures should be directed toward identified deficiencies and adequacy monitored by following serum levels of the related toxins, in this case GSA and homocysteine. (PMID 12701806) [HMDB]
CAS Number6133-30-8
(2S)-2-Carbamimidamidobutanedioic acidChEBI
L-N-amidinoaspartic acidhmdb
N-(aminoiminomethyl)-L-aspartic acidhmdb
N-amidino-L-aspartic acidhmdb
N-carbamimidoyl-L-aspartic acidhmdb
Chemical FormulaC5H9N3O4
IUPAC name(2S)-2-carbamimidamidobutanedioic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C5H9N3O4/c6-5(7)8-2(4(11)12)1-3(9)10/h2H,1H2,(H,9,10)(H,11,12)(H4,6,7,8)/t2-/m0/s1
Isomeric SMILESNC(=N)N[C@@H](CC(O)=O)C(O)=O
Average Molecular Weight175.1427
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight175.059305791
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aspartic acid and derivatives. Aspartic acid and derivatives are compounds containing an aspartic acid or a derivative thereof resulting from reaction of aspartic acid at the amino group or the carboxy group, or from the replacement of any hydrogen of glycine by a heteroatom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic acids and derivatives
ClassCarboxylic acids and derivatives
Sub ClassAmino acids, peptides, and analogues
Direct ParentAspartic acid and derivatives
Alternative Parents
  • Aspartic acid or derivatives
  • Dicarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Fatty acid
  • Guanidine
  • Organic 1,3-dipolar compound
  • Propargyl-type 1,3-dipolar organic compound
  • Carboximidamide
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 15 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
Not Available