Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:32:35 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:35 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000768
FoodDB RecordFDB023069
Chemical Information
NameMethylimidazoleacetic acid
DescriptionMethylimidazoleacetic acid is the main metabolite of histamine. This end product of histamine catabolism is formed by N-methylation in the imidazole ring to methylhistamine by histamine methyltransferase (EC and a subsequent oxidative deamination in the side chain by type B monoamine oxidase (EC From studies is known that as much as 70 to 80 percent of the histamine metabolized in the body is excreted in the urine as Methylimidazoleacetic acid. Thus, urinary Methylimidazoleacetic acid being the major and specific histamine metabolite is a clear marker of any changes in histamine metabolism in the body. The urinary excretion of methylimidazoleacetic acid is considered a reliable indicator of histamine turnover rate in the body. The excretion of Methylimidazoleacetic acid is higher in men than women however; this gender difference is abolished when corrected for creatinine excretion. A possible explanation is that basal histamine turnover is related to body size. There is no significant difference in Methylimidazoleacetic acid excretion between smokers and non-smokers when analysing absolute values (mg/24 h). When using Methylimidazoleacetic acid values corrected for creatinine excretion female smokers have significantly higher Methylimidazoleacetic acid excretion compared to nonsmokers. (PMID: 11411609, 7130180, 10350179, 10202992) [HMDB]
CAS Number2625-49-2
1-methyl-1H-Imidazole-4-acetic acidhmdb
1-Methyl-4-imidazoleacetic acidhmdb
1-Methylimidazole-4-acetic acidGenerator
1,4-methyl-imidazoleacetic acidhmdb
Methylimidazole acetatehmdb
Methylimidazoleacetic acidhmdb
N tau-methylimidazoleacetic acidhmdb
Tele-methylimidazoleacetic acidhmdb
Chemical FormulaC6H8N2O2
IUPAC name2-(1-methyl-1H-imidazol-4-yl)acetic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C6H8N2O2/c1-8-3-5(7-4-8)2-6(9)10/h3-4H,2H2,1H3,(H,9,10)
Isomeric SMILESCN1C=NC(CC(O)=O)=C1
Average Molecular Weight140.1399
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight140.05857751
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as imidazolyl carboxylic acids and derivatives. These are organic compounds containing a carboxylic acid chain (of at least 2 carbon atoms) linked to an imidazole ring.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
Sub ClassImidazoles
Direct ParentImidazolyl carboxylic acids and derivatives
Alternative Parents
  • Imidazolyl carboxylic acid derivative
  • N-substituted imidazole
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Azacycle
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organic oxide
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Aromatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 20 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
AKSci 2304AB