Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:32:32 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:35 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000756
FoodDB RecordFDB030742
Chemical Information
DescriptionCoumarin, also known as 1,2-benzopyrone or benzo-alpha-pyrone, belongs to coumarins and derivatives class of compounds. Those are polycyclic aromatic compounds containing a 1-benzopyran moiety with a ketone group at the C2 carbon atom (1-benzopyran-2-one). Coumarin is slightly soluble (in water) and an extremely weak basic (essentially neutral) compound (based on its pKa). Coumarin is a sweet, green, and new mown hay tasting compound and can be found in a number of food items such as malus (crab apple), sunburst squash (pattypan squash), european cranberry, and star anise, which makes coumarin a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Coumarin can be found primarily in saliva. Coumarin is formally rated as an unfounded non-carcinogenic (IARC 3) potentially toxic compound. Coumarin was first synthesized in 1868. It is used in the pharmaceutical industry as a precursor reagent in the synthesis of a number of synthetic anticoagulant pharmaceuticals similar to dicoumarol, the notable ones being warfarin (brand name Coumadin) and some even more potent rodenticides that work by the same anticoagulant mechanism. 4-hydroxycoumarins are a type of vitamin K antagonist. Pharmaceutical (modified) coumarins were all developed from the study of sweet clover disease; see warfarin for this history. However, unmodified coumarin itself, as it occurs in plants, has no effect on the vitamin K coagulation system, or on the action of warfarin-type drugs .
CAS Number91-64-5
Chemical FormulaC9H6O2
IUPAC name2H-chromen-2-one
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C9H6O2/c10-9-6-5-7-3-1-2-4-8(7)11-9/h1-6H
Average Molecular Weight146.145
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight146.036779433
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as coumarins and derivatives. These are polycyclic aromatic compounds containing a 1-benzopyran moiety with a ketone group at the C2 carbon atom (1-benzopyran-2-one).
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassPhenylpropanoids and polyketides
ClassCoumarins and derivatives
Sub ClassNot Available
Direct ParentCoumarins and derivatives
Alternative Parents
  • Coumarin
  • 1-benzopyran
  • Benzopyran
  • Pyranone
  • Benzenoid
  • Pyran
  • Heteroaromatic compound
  • Lactone
  • Oxacycle
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic heteropolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic heteropolycyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 500 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
AKSci J40061
AKSci J92777
AKSci K669
Glentham GK2204
MetaSci HMDB0001218
Tokyo Chemical Industry HMDB0001218
Toronto Research Chemicals C755380