Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:32:18 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:34 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000734
FoodDB RecordFDB023154
Chemical Information
DescriptionChitin is an unusual substance as it is a naturally occurring polymer. Its breakdown is conducted by bacteria which have receptors to simple sugars from the decomposition of chitin. If chitin is detected they then produce enzymes to digest the chitin by reducing it to simple sugars and ammonia. Chitin (IPA: [Kaitin]) is one of the main components in the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of insects and other arthropods, and in some other animals. It is a polysaccharide; it is constructed from units of acetylglucosamine (more completely, N-acetyl-D-glucos-2-amine). These are linked together in beta-1,4 fashion (in a similar manner to the glucose units which form cellulose). In effect chitin may be described as cellulose with one hydroxyl group on each monomer replaced by an acetylamine group. This allows for increased hydrogen bonding between adjacent polymers, giving the polymer increased strength. A linear polysaccharide of beta-1->4 linked units of acetylglucosamine. It is the second most abundant biopolymer on earth, found especially in insects and fungi. When deacetylated it is called chitosan. [HMDB]
CAS Number1398-61-4
Poly 2-Acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucosehmdb
Poly 2-Acetamido-2-deoxy-delta-glucosehmdb
Chemical FormulaC28H49N3O16
IUPAC nameN-[(2R,4S,5S)-5-({[(2R,4S,5S)-3-acetamido-5-({[(2R,4R,5S)-3-acetamido-4,5-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]methoxy}methyl)-4-hydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-2-yl]methoxy}methyl)-2,4-dihydroxy-6-(hydroxymethyl)oxan-3-yl]acetamide
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C28H49N3O16/c1-11(35)29-21-19(9-44-8-15-17(5-33)47-28(42)23(25(15)39)31-13(3)37)45-16(4-32)14(24(21)38)7-43-10-20-22(30-12(2)36)27(41)26(40)18(6-34)46-20/h14-28,32-34,38-42H,4-10H2,1-3H3,(H,29,35)(H,30,36)(H,31,37)/t14-,15-,16?,17?,18?,19+,20+,21?,22?,23?,24+,25+,26-,27-,28-/m1/s1
Isomeric SMILESCC(=O)NC1[C@H](O)OC(CO)[C@@H](COC[C@@H]2OC(CO)[C@@H](COC[C@@H]3OC(CO)[C@@H](O)[C@H](O)C3NC(C)=O)[C@H](O)C2NC(C)=O)[C@@H]1O
Average Molecular Weight683.6992
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight683.311282535
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as c-glycosyl compounds. These are glycoside in which a sugar group is bonded through one carbon to another group via a C-glycosidic bond.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentC-glycosyl compounds
Alternative Parents
  • C-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Acetamide
  • Carboxamide group
  • Hemiacetal
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Oxacycle
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 400 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
AKSci G953
Glentham GC0425
MetaSci HMDB0003362
Sigma-Aldrich HMDB0003362
Toronto Research Chemicals C300800