Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:31:56 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:32 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000684
FoodDB RecordFDB022811
Chemical Information
DescriptionThe chlorate anion has the formula ClO3−. In this case, the chlorine atom is in the +5 oxidation state. "Chlorate" can also refer to chemical compounds containing this anion; chlorates are the salts of chloric acid. "Chlorate", when followed by a roman numeral in parenthesis, e.g. chlorate(VII), refers to a particular oxyanion of chlorine. As predicted by VSEPR, chlorate anions have trigonal pyrimidal structures. Chlorates are powerful oxidizers and should be kept away from organics or easily oxidized materials. Chlorates were once widely used in pyrotechnics, though their use has fallen due to their instability. Most pyrotechnic applications which used chlorates in the past now use perchlorates instead(From WIKI). Chlorates are inorganic salts of chloric acid that contain the ClO3- ion. Chlorate is a selective inhibitor of the synthesis of the high energy donor of sulfate 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate (PAPS). High endothelial venules (HEVs) are specialized post-capillary venules found in lymphoid tissues, that support high levels of lymphocyte extravasation from the blood; sulfation is key to the uniqueness of the HEV ligands and PAPS synthesis is required for sulfation. (PMID: 9498065) Chlorate is a sulfate analogue that has been found to be a potent and nontoxic inhibitor of sulfation. Tyrosine sulfation is a widespread posttranslational modification that occurs in the trans Golgi in a reaction catalyzed by tyrosylprotein sulfotransferase. Tyrosine sulfation has been found to be irreversible, resulting in a life-long alteration in the phenotype of the secretory proteins. The intracellular transport kinetics of a secretory protein and the biological activity of certain neuropeptides have been found to be affected by this modification. (PMID: 3288098) Na chlorate intoxication can occur mainly through poisoning by herbicides containing chlorate salts. (PMID: 10831921, 2239069) [HMDB]
CAS Number14866-68-3
CHLate ionGenerator
Chlic acidGenerator
CHLic acid ionGenerator
Chlorate ionhmdb
Chloric acidhmdb
CHLORic acid ionGenerator
Chlorine oxideHMDB
Chemical FormulaClHO3
IUPAC namechloric acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/ClHO3/c2-1(3)4/h(H,2,3,4)
Isomeric SMILESO[Cl](=O)=O
Average Molecular Weight84.459
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight83.961421605
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of inorganic compounds known as non-metal chlorates. These are inorganic non-metallic compounds containing a chlorate as its largest oxoanion.
KingdomInorganic compounds
Super ClassHomogeneous non-metal compounds
ClassNon-metal oxoanionic compounds
Sub ClassNon-metal chlorates
Direct ParentNon-metal chlorates
Alternative Parents
  • Non-metal chlorate
  • Inorganic oxide
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 600 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
Not Available