Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2015-10-09 22:31:19 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:28 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000565
FoodDB RecordFDB022735
Chemical Information
NameAzythromycin
DescriptionAzithromycin is an azalide, a subclass of macrolide antibiotics. Azithromycin is derived from erythromycin; however, it differs chemically from erythromycin in that a methyl-substituted nitrogen atom is incorporated into the lactone ring, thus making the lactone ring 15-membered. Azithromycin is sold under the brand names Zithromax ("Zmax") and Sumamed, and is one of the world's best-selling antibiotics. Azithromycin is used to treat certain bacterial infections, most often bacteria causing middle ear infections, tonsillitis, throat infections, laryngitis, bronchitis, pneumonia and sinusitis. It is also effective against certain sexually transmitted infectious diseases, such as non-gonococcal urethritis and cervicitis. [HMDB]
CAS Number83905-01-5
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
Azithramycinehmdb
Azithromycinhmdb
Azithromycin (AIDS Initiative)hmdb
Azithromycin dihydratehmdb
Azithromycin plus Tumor Necrosis Factorhmdb
Azithromycin Sterilehmdb
Azithromycinehmdb
N,N-dimethyl-4-amino-benzaldehydehmdb
ZIThmdb
Zithromaxhmdb
Chemical FormulaC38H72N2O12
IUPAC name(2S,3S,4R,5S,8S,10S,11S,12R,13S,14R)-11-{[(2R,3S,4R,6S)-4-(dimethylamino)-3-hydroxy-6-methyloxan-2-yl]oxy}-2-ethyl-3,4,10-trihydroxy-13-{[(2S,4S,5R,6R)-5-hydroxy-4-methoxy-4,6-dimethyloxan-2-yl]oxy}-3,5,6,8,10,12,14-heptamethyl-1-oxa-6-azacyclopentadecan-15-one
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C38H72N2O12/c1-15-27-38(10,46)31(42)24(6)40(13)19-20(2)17-36(8,45)33(52-35-29(41)26(39(11)12)16-21(3)48-35)22(4)30(23(5)34(44)50-27)51-28-18-37(9,47-14)32(43)25(7)49-28/h20-33,35,41-43,45-46H,15-19H2,1-14H3/t20-,21-,22+,23+,24-,25+,26+,27-,28+,29-,30-,31+,32+,33-,35+,36-,37-,38+/m0/s1
InChI KeyMQTOSJVFKKJCRP-HHZDEWPHSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCC[C@@H]1OC(=O)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@@H]2C[C@](C)(OC)[C@H](O)[C@@H](C)O2)[C@@H](C)[C@H](O[C@H]2O[C@@H](C)C[C@H]([C@@H]2O)N(C)C)[C@@](C)(O)C[C@H](C)CN(C)[C@@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@]1(C)O
Average Molecular Weight748.9845
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight748.508525778
Chemical Taxonomy
Description belongs to the class of organic compounds known as aminoglycosides. These are molecules or a portion of a molecule composed of amino-modified sugars.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic oxygen compounds
ClassOrganooxygen compounds
Sub ClassCarbohydrates and carbohydrate conjugates
Direct ParentAminoglycosides
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Aminoglycoside core
  • Macrolide
  • Glycosyl compound
  • O-glycosyl compound
  • Monosaccharide
  • Oxane
  • Tertiary alcohol
  • 1,2-aminoalcohol
  • Amino acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid ester
  • Lactone
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Tertiary amine
  • Tertiary aliphatic amine
  • Oxacycle
  • Acetal
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Organoheterocyclic compound
  • Polyol
  • Azacycle
  • Ether
  • Dialkyl ether
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Amine
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Aliphatic heteromonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic heteromonocyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 5 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectra
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez Fresnovazquezf@ualberta.ca
Commercial Vendors
Cayman Chemical 15004
Toronto Research Chemicals A927018