Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:30:53 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:25 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000486
FoodDB RecordFDB022159
Chemical Information
NameCoproporphyrin I
DescriptionCoproporhyrin I is a porphyrin metabolite arising from heme synthesis. Porphyrins are pigments found in both animal and plant life. Coproporphyrin I is a tetrapyrrole dead-end product from the spontaneous oxidation of the methylene bridges of coproporphynogen, arising from heme synthesis and secreted in feces and urine. Increased levels of coproporphyrins can indicate congenital erythropoietic porphyria or sideroblastic anaemia. Porphyria is a pathological state characterised by abnormalities of porphyrin metabolism and results in the excretion of large quantities of porphyrins in the urine and in extreme sensitivity to light. A large number of factors are capable of increasing porphyrin excretion, owing to different and multiple causes and etiologies: 1) the main site of the chronic hepatic porphyria disease process concentrates on the liver, 2) a functional and morphologic liver injury is almost regularly associated with this chronic porphyria, 3) the toxic form due to occupational and environmental exposure takes mainly a subclinical course. Hepatic factors includes disturbance in coproporphyrinogen metabolism, which results from inhibition of coproporphyrinogen oxidase as well as from the rapid loss from, and diminished utilization of coproporphyrinogen in the hepatocytes, which may also explain why coproporphyrin, its autoxidation product, predominates physiologically in the urine; decreased biliary excretion of coproporphyrin leading to a compensatory urinary excretion, so that the coproporphyrin ring isomer ratio (1:III) becomes a sensitive index for impaired liver function and intrahepatic cholestasis; and disturbed activity of hepatic uroporphyrinogen decarboxylase. In itself, secondary coproporphyrinuria is not associated with porphyria symptoms of a hepatologic-gastroenterologic, neurologic, or dermatologic order, even though coproporphyrinuria can occur with such symptoms. (PMID: 3327428) [HMDB]
CAS Number531-14-6
3,8,13,17-Tetramethylporphyrin-2,7,12,18-tetrapropanoic acidChEBI
3,8,13,18-tetramethyl-2,7,12,17-Porphinetetrapropionic acidhmdb
3,8,13,18-Tetramethyl-21H,23H-porphine-2,7,12,17-tetrapropionic acidhmdb
Chemical FormulaC36H38N4O8
IUPAC name3-[9,14,19-tris(2-carboxyethyl)-5,10,15,20-tetramethyl-21,22,23,24-tetraazapentacyclo[^{3,6}.1^{8,11}.1^{13,16}]tetracosa-1(20),2,4,6(24),7,9,11,13(22),14,16,18-undecaen-4-yl]propanoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C36H38N4O8/c1-17-21(5-9-33(41)42)29-14-26-19(3)23(7-11-35(45)46)31(39-26)16-28-20(4)24(8-12-36(47)48)32(40-28)15-27-18(2)22(6-10-34(43)44)30(38-27)13-25(17)37-29/h13-16,37,40H,5-12H2,1-4H3,(H,41,42)(H,43,44)(H,45,46)(H,47,48)/b25-13-,26-14-,27-15-,28-16-,29-14-,30-13-,31-16-,32-15-
Isomeric SMILESCC1=C(CCC(O)=O)/C2=C/C3=N/C(=C\C4=C(C)C(CCC(O)=O)=C(N4)/C=C4\N=C(\C=C\1/N\2)C(CCC(O)=O)=C4C)/C(CCC(O)=O)=C3C
Average Molecular Weight654.7089
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight654.268964212
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as porphyrins. Porphyrins are compounds containing a fundamental skeleton of four pyrrole nuclei united through the alpha-positions by four methine groups to form a macrocyclic structure.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganoheterocyclic compounds
ClassTetrapyrroles and derivatives
Sub ClassPorphyrins
Direct ParentPorphyrins
Alternative ParentsNot Available
SubstituentsNot Available
Molecular FrameworkNot Available
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 20 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
Toronto Research Chemicals C685400