Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2015-10-09 22:30:31 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:22 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000409
FoodDB RecordFDB008280
Chemical Information
Name1-Propanol
DescriptionPropanol, 1-propanol or propyl alcohol, also known as ethylcarbinol, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as primary alcohols. Primary alcohols are compounds comprising the primary alcohol functional group, with the general structure RCOH (R=alkyl, aryl). Propyl alcohol is a colorless liquid that has a mild, alcohol-like odor. It is miscible in water. 1-propanol is an isomer of 2-propanol. Propyl alcohol exists in all eukaryotes, ranging from yeast to plants to humans. It is formed naturally in small amounts during many fermentation processes. For instance, 1-propanol is a major constituent of fusel oil, a by-product formed from certain amino acids when potatoes or grains are fermented to produce ethanol. Propyl alcohol can be found in small amounts in a number of food items such as cashew nuts, chinese mustard, greenthread tea, and chayote. In humans, propyl alcohol can be found primarily in blood, feces, and saliva, as well as in human fibroblasts tissue. Industrially propyl alcohol is used as a solvent in the pharmaceutical industry, mainly for resins and cellulose esters. 1-propanol exhibits low acute toxicity via dermal, inhalation, and oral routes of exposure; it is not very irritating to the skin and dermal absorption is expected to be slow. 1-propanol is readily metabolized by alcohol dehydrogenase to propionic acid, and has no evidence of carcinogenicity or mutagenicity. 1-propanol has a high octane number and it is suitable for engine fuel usage.
CAS Number71-23-8
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
1 Propanolbiospider
1-Hydroxypropanebiospider
1-Proponolbiospider
1-Propyl alcoholbiospider
Albacolbiospider
Alcohol, propylbiospider
Alcool propilicobiospider
Alcool propyliquebiospider
Ethyl carbinolbiospider
Ethylcarbinolbiospider
FEMA 2928db_source
Hydroxypropanebiospider
N propanolbiospider
n-C3H7OHbiospider
n-Propan-1-olbiospider
N-propanolbiospider
N-propyl alcoholbiospider
N-propyl alkoholbiospider
N-propyl alkohol (german)biospider
N-propylalkoholbiospider
Optalbiospider
Osmosol extrabiospider
Pro-gas (gas disclaimed)biospider
Propan-1-olbiospider
Propane-1-olbiospider
Propanolbiospider
Propanol [indefinite substitution]biospider
Propanol-1biospider
Propanol, 1-biospider
Propanolebiospider
Propanole (german)biospider
Propanolenbiospider
Propanolibiospider
Propyl alcoholdb_source
Propyl alcohol, normalbiospider
Propylalcoholbiospider
Propylan-propyl alcoholbiospider
Propylic alcoholbiospider
Propylowy alkoholbiospider
UN 1274ChEBI
Chemical FormulaC3H8O
IUPAC namepropan-1-ol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C3H8O/c1-2-3-4/h4H,2-3H2,1H3
InChI KeyBDERNNFJNOPAEC-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESCCCO
Average Molecular Weight60.095
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight60.057514878
Chemical Taxonomy
ClassificationNot classified
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Experimental logP0.25HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental Water Solubility1000 mg/mL at 25 oCRIDDICK,JA et al. (1986)
Melting PointMp -127°DFC
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 2 g
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formliquid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectra
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez Fresnovazquezf@ualberta.ca
Commercial Vendors
Toronto Research Chemicals P760860