Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:29:35 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:18 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000268
FoodDB RecordFDB022570
Chemical Information
DescriptionSphingomyelin (d18:1/18:0) or SM(d18:1/18:0) is a type of sphingolipid found in animal cell membranes, especially in the membranous myelin sheath which surrounds some nerve cell axons. It usually consists of phosphorylcholine and ceramide. SM(18:1/18:0) consists of oleic acid attached to the C1 position and stearic acid attached to the C2 position. In humans, sphingomyelin is the only membrane phospholipid not derived from glycerol. Like all sphingolipids, SPH has a ceramide core (sphingosine bonded to a fatty acid via an amide linkage). In addition it contains one polar head group, which is either phosphocholine or phosphoethanolamine. The plasma membrane of cells is highly enriched in sphingomyelin and is considered largely to be found in the exoplasmic leaflet of the cell membrane. However, there is some evidence that there may also be a sphingomyelin pool in the inner leaflet of the membrane. Moreover, neutral sphingomyelinase-2 - an enzyme that breaks down sphingomyelin into ceramide has been found to localise exclusively to the inner leaflet further suggesting that there may be sphingomyelin present there. Sphingomyelin can accumulate in a rare hereditary disease called Niemann-Pick Disease, types A and B. Niemann-Pick disease is a genetically-inherited disease caused by a deficiency in the enzyme Sphingomyelinase, which causes the accumulation of Sphingomyelin in spleen, liver, lungs, bone marrow, and the brain, causing irreversible neurological damage. SMs play a role in signal transduction. Sphingomyelins are synthesized by the transfer of phosphorylcholine from phosphatidylcholine to a ceramide in a reaction catalyzed by sphingomyelin synthase. [HMDB]
CAS Number85187-10-6
Sphingomyelin (d18:1/18:0)hmdb
Chemical FormulaC41H84N2O6P
IUPAC name{[(2S,3R,4E)-3-hydroxy-2-octadecanamidooctadec-4-en-1-yl]oxy}[2-(trimethylazaniumyl)ethoxy]phosphinic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C41H83N2O6P/c1-6-8-10-12-14-16-18-20-21-23-25-27-29-31-33-35-41(45)42-39(38-49-50(46,47)48-37-36-43(3,4)5)40(44)34-32-30-28-26-24-22-19-17-15-13-11-9-7-2/h32,34,39-40,44H,6-31,33,35-38H2,1-5H3,(H-,42,45,46,47)/p+1/b34-32+/t39-,40+/m0/s1
Average Molecular Weight732.0892
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight731.606699942
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as phosphosphingolipids. These are sphingolipids with a structure based on a sphingoid base that is attached to a phosphate head group. They differ from phosphonospingolipids which have a phosphonate head group.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
Sub ClassPhosphosphingolipids
Direct ParentPhosphosphingolipids
Alternative Parents
  • Sphingoid-1-phosphate or derivatives
  • Phosphocholine
  • Phosphoethanolamine
  • Dialkyl phosphate
  • Fatty amide
  • N-acyl-amine
  • Organic phosphoric acid derivative
  • Phosphoric acid ester
  • Fatty acyl
  • Alkyl phosphate
  • Tetraalkylammonium salt
  • Quaternary ammonium salt
  • Secondary carboxylic acid amide
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Carboxamide group
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic salt
  • Amine
  • Alcohol
  • Organic oxide
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organonitrogen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic nitrogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Organic cation
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 5 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
Cayman Chemical 22674
Toronto Research Chemicals S680700