Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2015-10-09 22:29:05 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:15 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000182
FoodDB RecordFDB021813
Chemical Information
NameAdenosine triphosphate
DescriptionAdenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a nucleotide consisting of a purine base (adenine) attached to the first carbon atom of ribose (a pentose sugar). Three phosphate groups are esterified at the fifth carbon atom of the ribose. ATP is incorporated into nucleic acids by polymerases in the processes of DNA replication and transcription. ATP contributes to cellular energy charge and participates in overall energy balance, maintaining cellular homeostasis. ATP can act as an extracellular signaling molecule via interactions with specific purinergic receptors to mediate a wide variety of processes as diverse as neurotransmission, inflammation, apoptosis, and bone remodelling. Extracellular ATP and its metabolite adenosine have also been shown to exert a variety of effects on nearly every cell type in human skin, and ATP seems to play a direct role in triggering skin inflammatory, regenerative, and fibrotic responses to mechanical injury, an indirect role in melanocyte proliferation and apoptosis, and a complex role in Langerhans cell-directed adaptive immunity. During exercise, intracellular homeostasis depends on the matching of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) supply and ATP demand. Metabolites play a useful role in communicating the extent of ATP demand to the metabolic supply pathways Effects as different as proliferation or differentiation, chemotaxis, release of cytokines or lysosomal constituents, and generation of reactive oxygen or nitrogen species are elicited upon stimulation of blood cells with extracellular ATP. The increased concentration of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in erythrocytes from patients with chronic renal failure (CRF) has been observed in many studies but the mechanism leading to these abnormalities still is controversial. (PMID: 15490415, 15129319, 14707763, 14696970, 11157473) [HMDB]
CAS Number56-65-5
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
5'-(Tetrahydrogen triate) adenosineHMDB
5'-ATPHMDB
Adenosine 5'-triateChEBI
Adenosine 5'-triic acidGenerator
Adenosine 5'-triorateHMDB
Adenosine 5'-trioric acidHMDB
Adenosine triateChEBI
Adenosine triic acidGenerator
ADENOSINE-5'-triATEChEBI
ADENOSINE-5'-triic acidGenerator
AdenylpyroorateHMDB
Adenylpyrooric acidHMDB
AdephosChEBI
AdetolChEBI
AdynolChEBI
AtipiChEBI
ATPHMDB
AtriphosChEBI
CardenosineChEBI
FosfobionChEBI
GlucobasinChEBI
H4ATPChEBI
MyotriphosChEBI
ObionHMDB
StriadyneHMDB
TriadenChEBI
TriadenylChEBI
Trioric acid adenosine esterHMDB
Chemical FormulaC10H16N5O13P3
IUPAC name({[({[5-(6-amino-9H-purin-9-yl)-3,4-dihydroxyoxolan-2-yl]methoxy}(hydroxy)phosphoryl)oxy](hydroxy)phosphoryl}oxy)phosphonic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C10H16N5O13P3/c11-8-5-9(13-2-12-8)15(3-14-5)10-7(17)6(16)4(26-10)1-25-30(21,22)28-31(23,24)27-29(18,19)20/h2-4,6-7,10,16-17H,1H2,(H,21,22)(H,23,24)(H2,11,12,13)(H2,18,19,20)
InChI KeyZKHQWZAMYRWXGA-UHFFFAOYSA-N
Isomeric SMILESNC1=C2N=CN(C3OC(COP(O)(=O)OP(O)(=O)OP(O)(O)=O)C(O)C3O)C2=NC=N1
Average Molecular Weight507.181
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight506.995745159
Chemical Taxonomy
ClassificationNot classified
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 300 mg
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectra
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez Fresnovazquezf@ualberta.ca
Commercial Vendors
AKSci X5319