Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:28:46 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:14 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000136
FoodDB RecordFDB030851
Chemical Information
DescriptionEthanolamine, also known as aminoethanol or beta-aminoethyl alcohol, is a member of the class of compounds known as 1,2-aminoalcohols. 1,2-aminoalcohols are organic compounds containing an alkyl chain with an amine group bound to the C1 atom and an alcohol group bound to the C2 atom. Ethanolamine is soluble (in water) and an extremely weak acidic compound (based on its pKa). Ethanolamine can be found in a number of food items such as daikon radish, caraway, muscadine grape, and lemon grass, which makes ethanolamine a potential biomarker for the consumption of these food products. Ethanolamine can be found primarily in most biofluids, including urine, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), feces, and saliva, as well as throughout most human tissues. Ethanolamine exists in all living species, ranging from bacteria to humans. In humans, ethanolamine is involved in several metabolic pathways, some of which include phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis PC(20:3(5Z,8Z,11Z)/18:3(6Z,9Z,12Z)), phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis PC(22:5(7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z,19Z)/18:3(6Z,9Z,12Z)), phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis PC(20:4(5Z,8Z,11Z,14Z)/20:0), and phosphatidylethanolamine biosynthesis PE(11D5/9M5). Moreover, ethanolamine is found to be associated with maple syrup urine disease and propionic acidemia. Ethanolamine is a non-carcinogenic (not listed by IARC) potentially toxic compound. Ethanolamine, also called 2-aminoethanol or monoethanolamine (often abbreviated as ETA or MEA), is an organic chemical compound with the formula HOCH2CH2NH2. The molecule is both a primary amine and a primary alcohol (due to a hydroxyl group). Ethanolamine is a colorless, viscous liquid with an odor reminiscent to that of ammonia. Its derivatives are widespread in nature; e.g., lipids .
CAS Number141-43-5
Chemical FormulaC2H7NO
IUPAC name2-aminoethan-1-ol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C2H7NO/c3-1-2-4/h4H,1-3H2
Average Molecular Weight61.0831
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight61.052763851
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as 1,2-aminoalcohols. These are organic compounds containing an alkyl chain with an amine group bound to the C1 atom and an alcohol group bound to the C2 atom.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassOrganic nitrogen compounds
ClassOrganonitrogen compounds
Sub ClassAmines
Direct Parent1,2-aminoalcohols
Alternative Parents
  • 1,2-aminoalcohol
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organopnictogen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary amine
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Primary aliphatic amine
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic acyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic acyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
Glentham GK6948
Toronto Research Chemicals E676500