Record Information
Creation date2015-10-09 22:27:20 UTC
Update date2017-01-19 02:36:10 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC000017
FoodDB RecordFDB010508
Chemical Information
Name4-Hydroxybenzoic acid
Description4-Hydroxybenzoic acid, also known as p-hydroxybenzoate or 4-carboxyphenol, belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives. Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives are compounds containing a hydroxybenzoic acid (or a derivative), which is a benzene ring bearing a carboxyl and a hydroxyl group. 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid is a neutral compound with a nutty and phenolic taste. 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid exists in all living species, from bacteria to humans. In humans, 4-hydroxybenzoic acid is involved in ubiquinone biosynthesis. 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid is found in highest concentrations in red huckleberries, corianders, and garden onions and in lower concentrations in soybeans, rye bread, and almonds. 4-hydroxybenzoic acid has also been detected in sour cherries, common beans, wild carrots, common oregano, and soft-necked garlics. This could make 4-hydroxybenzoic acid a potential biomarker for the consumption of these foods. 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid esters, known as parabens, are used as preservatives in cosmetics and some ophthalmic solutions. It is isomeric with 2-hydroxybenzoic acid, known as salicylic acid, a precursor to aspirin, and with 3-hydroxybenzoic acid. 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid has estrogenic activity and stimulated the growth of breast cancer cell lines (PMID: 16021681). It can be found in Escherichia coli as part of the ubiquinone pathway. In the first step of this pathway, chorismate lyase transforms chorismate into 4-hydroxybenzoate and pyruvate (PMID 1644758). In Pseudomonas sp., 4-hydroxybenzoate and chloride are produced when the enzyme 4-chlorobenzoate dehalogenase acts on the halide bond of 4-chlorobenzoate with H2O (PMID: 6497878).
CAS Number99-96-7
4-hydroxy-benzoic acidbiospider
Benzoic acid, 4-hydroxybiospider
Benzoic acid, 4-hydroxy-biospider
Benzoic acid, p-hydroxybiospider
Benzoic acid, p-hydroxy-biospider
Catalpinic acid (obsol.)db_source
Hydroxybenzenecarboxylic acidbiospider
Hydroxybenzoic acidbiospider
Hydroxybenzoic acid, parabiospider
P-hydroxy-benzoic acidbiospider
P-hydroxybenzoic acidbiospider
P-salicyclic acidbiospider
p-Salicylic aciddb_source
Para-hydroxybenzoic acidbiospider
Chemical FormulaC7H6O3
IUPAC name4-hydroxybenzoic acid
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C7H6O3/c8-6-3-1-5(2-4-6)7(9)10/h1-4,8H,(H,9,10)
Isomeric SMILESOC(=O)C1=CC=C(O)C=C1
Average Molecular Weight138.122
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight138.031694053
Chemical Taxonomy
Description Belongs to the class of organic compounds known as hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives. Hydroxybenzoic acid derivatives are compounds containing a hydroxybenzoic acid (or a derivative), which is a benzene ring bearing a carboxyl and a hydroxyl groups.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassBenzenoids
ClassBenzene and substituted derivatives
Sub ClassBenzoic acids and derivatives
Direct ParentHydroxybenzoic acid derivatives
Alternative Parents
  • Hydroxybenzoic acid
  • Benzoic acid
  • Benzoyl
  • 1-hydroxy-2-unsubstituted benzenoid
  • Phenol
  • Monocarboxylic acid or derivatives
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Carboxylic acid derivative
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Aromatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAromatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
Experimental logP1.58HANSCH,C ET AL. (1995)
Experimental Water Solubility5 mg/mL at 25 oCYALKOWSKY,SH & DANNENFELSER,RM (1992)
Melting PointMp 213-214°DFC
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity AvailableProduction upon request, up to 1 g
Delivery TimeNot Available
Storage Formsolid
Storage Conditions-80°C
StabilityNot Available
PurityNot Available
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Rosa Vazquez
Commercial Vendors
AKSci D775
AKSci J10748
AKSci J92723
Human Metabolome Library HMDB0000500
MetaSci HMDB0000500
Toronto Research Chemicals S088120