Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2018-05-02 12:54:27 UTC
Update date2018-05-04 14:13:09 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC001220
FoodDB RecordFDB013828
Chemical Information
NameRetinol
DescriptionConstituent of many fish-liver oils, milk, egg-yolk, etc. Nutrient, dietary supplement [DFC] Retinol is one of the animal forms of vitamin A. It is a diterpenoid and an alcohol. It is convertible to other forms of vitamin A, and the retinyl ester derivative of the alcohol serves as the storage form of the vitamin in animals. [Wikipedia]. Retinol is found in many foods, some of which are beer, common wheat, scrapple, and catfish.
CAS Number68-26-8
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(2e,4e,6e,8e)-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraen-1-olChEBI
(all-e)-3,7-Dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2,4,6,8-nonatetraen-1-olHMDB
Afaxindb_source
Agiolanbiospider
Agoncalbiospider
all-trans-Retinolmanual
all-trans-Retinyl alcoholbiospider
all-trans-Vitamin Abiospider
all-trans-Vitamin A alcoholbiospider
all-trans-Vitamin A1biospider
AlphalinChEBI
Alphasterolbiospider
Antixerophthalmic vitaminbiospider
Avibonbiospider
Avitolbiospider
Axeroldb_source
Axerophtholdb_source
b-Retinolbiospider
beta-Retinolbiospider
Biosterolbiospider
Epiteliolbiospider
Gadoldb_source
Ophthalaminbiospider
Prepalindb_source
Retrovitamin abiospider
Sehkraft abiospider
trans-Retinolbiospider
trans-Vitamin A alcoholbiospider
Vitamin Adb_source
Vitamin A alcoholdb_source
Vitamin a1ChEBI
Chemical FormulaC20H30O
IUPAC name(2E,4E,6Z,8E)-3,7-dimethyl-9-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-en-1-yl)nona-2,4,6,8-tetraen-1-ol
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C20H30O/c1-16(8-6-9-17(2)13-15-21)11-12-19-18(3)10-7-14-20(19,4)5/h6,8-9,11-13,21H,7,10,14-15H2,1-5H3/b9-6+,12-11+,16-8-,17-13+
InChI KeyFPIPGXGPPPQFEQ-MKOSUFFBSA-N
Isomeric SMILESC\C(=C/CO)\C=C\C=C(\C)/C=C/C1=C(C)CCCC1(C)C
Average Molecular Weight286.4516
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight286.229665582
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as retinoids. These are oxygenated derivatives of 3,7-dimethyl-1-(2,6,6-trimethylcyclohex-1-enyl)nona-1,3,5,7-tetraene and derivatives thereof.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassPrenol lipids
Sub ClassRetinoids
Direct ParentRetinoids
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Retinoid skeleton
  • Diterpenoid
  • Fatty alcohol
  • Fatty acyl
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Primary alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Alcohol
  • Aliphatic homomonocyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homomonocyclic compounds
External Descriptors
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Experimental logP5.68BIOBYTE (1995)
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointMp 63-64°DFC
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity Available1 to 2 mg
Delivery Time2 weeks
Storage Formpowder
Storage Conditions-18°C
StabilityNot Available
Purityunknown
Spectra
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Augustin ScalbertInternational Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Biomarkers Group, 150 cours Albert Thomas, Lyon, FR, 69372scalberta@iarc.fr
Commercial Vendors
AKSci N019
Cayman Chemical 20241
MetaSci HMDB0000305
Sigma-Aldrich HMDB0000305
Toronto Research Chemicals R252000