Record Information
Version1.0
Creation date2018-05-02 12:52:14 UTC
Update date2018-05-04 14:14:03 UTC
FoodComEx IDPC001217
FoodDB RecordFDB021920
Chemical Information
NamePregnenolone
DescriptionPregnenolone is a derivative of cholesterol, the product of Cytochrome P450 side-chain cleavage (EC 1.14.15.6, CYP11A1); this reaction consists of three consecutive monooxygenations; a 22-hydroxylation, 20-hydroxylation and the cleavage of the C20-C22 bond, yielding pregnenolone. Pregnenolone is the precursor to gonadal steroid hormones and the adrenal corticosteroids. This reaction occurs in steroid hormone-producing tissues such as the adrenal cortex, corpus luteum and placenta. The most notable difference between the placenta and other steroidogenic tissues is that electron supply to CYP11A1 limits the rate at which cholesterol is converted to pregnenolone in the placenta. The limiting component for electron delivery to CYP11A1 is the concentration of adrenodoxin reductase in the mitochondrial matrix which is insufficient to maintain the adrenodoxin pool in a fully reduced state. Pregnenolone is also a neurosteroid, and is produced in the spinal cord; CYP11A1 is the key enzyme catalyzing the conversion of cholesterol into pregnenolone, the rate-limiting step in the biosynthesis of all classes of steroids, and has been localized in sensory networks of the spinal cord dorsal horn. In the adrenal glomerulosa cell angiotensin II, one of the major physiological regulators of mineralocorticoid synthesis, appears to affect most of the cholesterol transfer to the mitochondrial outer membrane and transport to the inner membrane steps and thus to exerts a powerful control over the use of cholesterol for aldosterone production. (PMID: 17222962, 15823613, 16632873, 15134809) [HMDB]. Pregnenolone is found in many foods, some of which are common wheat, yellow bell pepper, oval-leaf huckleberry, and fenugreek.
CAS Number145-13-1
Structure
Thumb
Synonyms
SynonymSource
(3b)-3-hydroxy-Pregn-5-en-20-onehmdb
3-hydroxypregn-5-en-20-onehmdb
3b-Hydroxypregn-5-en-20-onehmdb
3beta-Hydroxypregn-5-en-20-onehmdb
5-Pregnen-3b-ol-20-onehmdb
5-Pregnen-3beta-ol-20-onehmdb
Natolonehmdb
Pregn-5-en-3b-ol-20-onehmdb
Pregn-5-ene-3b-ol-20-onehmdb
Pregnetanhmdb
Pregnetonhmdb
Pregnolonhmdb
Prenolonhmdb
Regnosonehmdb
Skinostelonhmdb
Chemical FormulaC21H32O2
IUPAC name1-[(1S,2R,5R,11S,14S,15S)-5-hydroxy-2,15-dimethyltetracyclo[8.7.0.0²,⁷.0¹¹,¹⁵]heptadec-7-en-14-yl]ethan-1-one
InChI IdentifierInChI=1S/C21H32O2/c1-13(22)17-6-7-18-16-5-4-14-12-15(23)8-10-20(14,2)19(16)9-11-21(17,18)3/h4,15-19,23H,5-12H2,1-3H3/t15-,16?,17-,18+,19+,20+,21-/m1/s1
InChI KeyORNBQBCIOKFOEO-STZXPNGSSA-N
Isomeric SMILES[H][C@@]12CC[C@H](C(C)=O)[C@@]1(C)CC[C@@]1([H])C2CC=C2C[C@H](O)CC[C@]12C
Average Molecular Weight316.4776
Monoisotopic Molecular Weight316.240230268
Chemical Taxonomy
DescriptionThis compound belongs to the class of organic compounds known as gluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins and derivatives. These are steroids with a structure based on a hydroxylated prostane moiety.
KingdomOrganic compounds
Super ClassLipids and lipid-like molecules
ClassSteroids and steroid derivatives
Sub ClassPregnane steroids
Direct ParentGluco/mineralocorticoids, progestogins and derivatives
Alternative Parents
Substituents
  • Progestogin-skeleton
  • 20-oxosteroid
  • 3-hydroxy-delta-5-steroid
  • 3-hydroxysteroid
  • 3-alpha-hydroxysteroid
  • Oxosteroid
  • Hydroxysteroid
  • Delta-5-steroid
  • Cyclic alcohol
  • Secondary alcohol
  • Ketone
  • Organic oxygen compound
  • Hydrocarbon derivative
  • Carbonyl group
  • Alcohol
  • Organooxygen compound
  • Organic oxide
  • Aliphatic homopolycyclic compound
Molecular FrameworkAliphatic homopolycyclic compounds
External DescriptorsNot Available
Physico-Chemical Properties - Experimental
PropertyValueReference
Experimental logPNot Available
Experimental Water SolubilityNot Available
Melting PointNot Available
Foods of Origin
FoodContent Range AverageReference
FoodReference
Production Data
Production Methodcommercial
Production Method ReferenceNot Available
Production Method Reference FileNot Available
Quantity Available1 to 2 mg
Delivery Time2 weeks
Storage Formpowder
Storage ConditionsRT
StabilityNot Available
Purityunknown
Spectra
Spectral Data Upon RequestNot Available
Provider Information
Contact NameContact InstitutionContact Email
Augustin ScalbertInternational Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Biomarkers Group, 150 cours Albert Thomas, Lyon, FR, 69372scalberta@iarc.fr
Commercial Vendors
AKSci F356
AKSci J10307
AKSci J90874
Cayman Chemical 19864
MetaSci HMDB0000253
Sigma-Aldrich HMDB0000253
Toronto Research Chemicals P712200